The combination of climatic factors (temperate cold humid climate with a predominance of summer precipitation) determined the development of Podzol formation in the study area. We found that the trend of pedogenesis depeneds on the ratio and velocity of particular processes: humus accumulation, iron and humus illuviation, geying, and peat formation.
The processes were evidenced by the morphology and properties of soils.
We concluded that the general feature of forest litter formation in Middle taiga zone was the prevalence of processes of destruction, mineralizations and leaching, that resulted in formation of raw (mor-type) humus.
Лесные подстилки и почвы спелых ельников черничных свежих заповедника "Кивач" (235 Kb, скачиваний: 637)