Ikkonen E., Yurkevich M., Kaznina N., Krasilnikov P.
Sodium lignosulfonate effect on physiological traits of Cucumis sativus L. seedlings
// Agriculture. 2023.
Ключевые слова: photosynthesis; respiration; trace elements; nutrient availability; nutrient deficiency
The application of pulp and paper mill sludge to agricultural soils is commonly considered as a strategy to improve soil properties, promote plant growth, and reduce the demand for costly chemical fertilization. The aim of this study was to evaluate if sodium lignosulfonate (sLS), one of the sludges of pulp production, may affect the biomass production, the respiration (R) and net CO2 assimilation rate (An) at the leaf level, and the content and accumulation of trace elements in the leaves of cucumbers grown under a sufficient nutrient supply or soil nutrient deficit. A pot culture experiment was conducted using sLS application rates of 0, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0, and 10 vol% to sandy loam soil. The decline in nutrient availability caused an increase in the R/An ratio and dramatically depressed biomass accumulation. The leaf Fe, Ni, Cr, Co, Al, and Pb contents were lower under low nutrient availability than under sufficient nutrient supply. Although sLS was not very effective in lessening the negative effect of nutrient deficiency on biomass accumulation, it reduced respiratory carbon losses and cell membrane permeability in the leaves of cucumbers grown under nutrient deficit. The reduction in the toxic level of leaf Mn in seedlings grown under sufficient nutrient availability and the toxic level of leaf Fe under a nutrient deficit might also be considered as a positive effect of the sLS application to sandy soil.
Индексируется в Web of Science, Scopus