E.A. Морозов, Д.В. Кондрик, С.С. Чепикова, Д.В. Поздняков.
Увеличение концентрации CO2 в атмосферном столбе над областью цветения E. huxleyi: конкретные случаи в водах Северной Атлантики и Арктики (In English)
// Труды КарНЦ РАН. No 3. Сер. Лимнология. 2019. C. 28-33
E.A. Morozov, D.V. Kondrik, S.S. Chepikova, D.V. Pozdnyakov. Atmospheric columnar CO[sub]2[/sub] enhancement over E. huxleyi blooms : case studies in the North Atlantic and Arctic waters // Transactions of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Science. No 3. Limnology. 2019. Pp. 28-33
Keywords: satellite remote sensing; OCO-2 data; enhancement of atmospheric columnar CO2 content over E. huxleyi blooms in Subarctic and Arctic seas; Emiliania huxleyi; wind and atmospheric advection
Blooms of a coccolithophore E. huxleyi are generally huge, occur annually and in the oceans of both Hemispheres. As a calcifying algal species, E. huxleyi is known to enhance the partial pressure of dissolved CO2 in surface ocean, thus reducing its ability to absorb atmospheric CO2. Here we report on the results of our satellite study of CO2 enhancement in the atmospheric column over E. huxleyi blooms in the North, Greenland, Iceland and Barents seas. The study is based on OCO-2 data, wind force and direction, and E. huxleyi bloom masks developed by us earlier. Eight case studies are discussed herein relating to the time period 2015-2018. The results obtained are strongly indicative that indeed the phenomenon of E. huxleyi blooms noticeably affect the carbon fluxes between the atmosphere and the surface ocean: the quantified enhancement of CO2 content in the atmospheric column over the bloom area in the six case studies proved to be in the range 0.6 -3.0 ppm. It is also shown that the magnitude of CO2 enhancement in the atmospheric column is significantly controlled by the air advection in the boundary layer.
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